Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/53133
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Type: Journal article
Title: Polyethylene gel in the subcutaneous tissue of rats: Histopathologic and systemic evaluation
Author: Schellini, S.
Zimmermann, G.
Hoyama, E.
Pellizon, C.
Padovani, C.
Selva-Nayagam, D.
Citation: Orbit, 2008; 27(3):153-156
Publisher: Taylor & Francis The Netherlands
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0167-6830
1744-5108
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Silvana A. Schellini, Gislaine P. M. Zimmermann, Erika Hoyama, Claudia H. Pellizon, Carlos R. Padovani, Dinesh Selva
Abstract: PURPOSE: To evaluate the histological and systemic response to subcutaneous injection of polyethylene gel in rats. METHODS: Twenty-one white male rats were divided into 3 groups (G): G1 and G2 received subcutaneous polyethylene gel injection in the dorsal midline and were sacrificed at 30 and 60 postoperative days, respectively. G3 was not exposed to the polyethylene gel and was sacrificed after 60 days. Blood levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were evaluated. The heart, kidney, liver, adrenal gland, injection site, and adjacent tissues were histologically examined. The results were submitted to statistical analysis. RESULTS: There was no clinical evidence of extrusion, reduction of the injected volume, or abnormalities in the adjacent tissues. Blood levels of CK and LDH were normal and similar in all groups. ALP levels were significantly lower in G2 than in G1 and G3. The systemic organs were normal on histological examination in the 3 groups evaluated. Microscopically, the polyethylene gel was surrounded by a thin pseudocapsule formation and minimal inflammatory cell response, which decreased from G1 to G2. CONCLUSION: The subcutaneous injection of polyethylene gel in rats elicited minimal local inflammatory response and no systemic side effects.
Keywords: Polyethylene; subcutaneous injections; rats; histology; toxicity
RMID: 0020083858
DOI: 10.1080/01676830701555246
Appears in Collections:Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications

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