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|Title:||Urbanization and water management in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam-issues, challenges and perspectives|
|Author:||Vo, Le Phu|
|Citation:||GeoJournal, 2008; 70(1):75-89|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publishers Group|
|School/Discipline:||School of Social Sciences : Geographical and Environmental Studies|
|Phu Le Vo|
|Abstract:||The management of water resources is an unfinished effort of the international community. Rapid urbanization has transcended the management capacity of governments in developing countries. Since the renovation policy launched in 1986, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, has experienced the fastest urbanization and industrialization process. This has placed severe constraints on the use of water resources and management capacity of the local government. The abstraction of groundwater has exceeded the limiting volume (520,000 m3/day) and the annual drawdown of water table is 2–3 m. In addition, the quality of urban water bodies is increasingly exacerbated by a huge volume of untreated industrial and domestic wastewater. These are hampering water demand, use and the capacity of the municipal authority in managing water resources. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of urbanization on water resources. Current issues and challenges in the management practices of water resources are discussed. It will propose a new paradigm of water management in Ho Chi Minh City.|
|Keywords:||Ho Chi Minh City ; Urbanization ; Water stress ; Water resources management ; Integrated approach ; Paradigm of water management|
|Appears in Collections:||Geography, Environment and Population publications|
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