Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/53718
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dc.contributor.authorAbdul-Rahman, A.en
dc.contributor.authorCasson, R.en
dc.contributor.authorNewland, H.en
dc.contributor.authorMuecke, J.en
dc.contributor.authorMcGovern, S.en
dc.contributor.authorAung, T.en
dc.contributor.authorSelva-Nayagam, D.en
dc.contributor.authorAung, T.en
dc.date.issued2008en
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal of Ophthalmology, 2008; 92(10):1325-1328en
dc.identifier.issn0007-1161en
dc.identifier.issn1468-2079en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/53718-
dc.description.abstractAIMS: The aim of this study was to report on the prevalence and correlates of pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXF) in a rural Burmese population. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional, population-based survey of the inhabitants > or =40 years in the Meiktila District. Ophthalmic examination included Snellen visual acuity, slit lamp examination, tonometry, gonioscopy, dilated fundus examination and frequency doubling perimetry. RESULTS: In a population of 2076 subjects (4016 eyes) the prevalence of PXF was 3.4% (95% CI 2.14 to 4.67%; 78 eyes). Twelve eyes with PXF were blind. In the univariate analysis, PXF was associated with: increasing age, blindness (odds ratio (OR) 4, 95% CI 1.84 to 8.68; p<0.0004), increasing intraocular pressure (IOP) (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.11; p<0.00001), nuclear cataract (OR 6.92, 95% CI 2.89 to 16.59; p<0.00001), cortical cataract (OR 4.78, 95% CI 2.37 to 9.65; p<0.00001) and the presence of an occludable angle (OR 3.05, 95% CI 1.52 to 6.13; p<0.002). In the multivariate analysis, only increasing age and IOP remained significantly associated with PXF. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of PXF in the Burmese population is greater than previously reported in other East Asian populations. Increasing age and IOP are the strongest predictors of PXF, and it is associated with cataract, occludable angles and blindness.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityA. M. Abdul-Rahman, R. J. Casson, H. S. Newland, J. Muecke, S. McGovern, T. H. Aung, D. Selva, T. Aungen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherBritish Med Journal Publ Groupen
dc.subjectHumans; Blindness; Cataract; Glaucoma; Exfoliation Syndrome; Tonometry, Ocular; Risk Factors; Cross-Sectional Studies; Predictive Value of Tests; Age Distribution; Intraocular Pressure; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Rural Health; Myanmar; Female; Maleen
dc.titlePseudoexfoliation in a rural Burmese population: the Meiktila eye studyen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.rmid0020082746en
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/bjo.2008.141523en
dc.identifier.pubid41938-
pubs.library.collectionOpthalmology & Visual Sciences publicationsen
pubs.verification-statusVerifieden
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
dc.identifier.orcidCasson, R. [0000-0003-2822-4076]en
dc.identifier.orcidSelva-Nayagam, D. [0000-0002-2169-5417]en
Appears in Collections:Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications

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