Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Scopus||Web of Science®||Altmetric|
|Title:||Treatment of radiation maculopathy with intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (Avastin)|
|Citation:||Retina-the Journal of Retinal and Vitreous Diseases, 2008; 28(7):964-968|
|Publisher:||Lippincott Williams & Wilkins|
|Gupta A and Muecke J.S.|
|Abstract:||PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravitreal injection of bevacizumab as a treatment option for radiation maculopathy secondary to plaque radiotherapy. METHODS: Interventional case series of five patients who developed radiation maculopathy complicating plaque radiotherapy with ruthenium 106 for choroidal melanoma. One to two intravitreal injections of bevacizumab (0.5 mL) were given, with an interval of 4 weeks between each injection. The main outcome measures were visual acuity and results of clinical ophthalmic examination and optical coherence tomography. RESULTS: Preinjection visual acuity ranged from hand movements to 20/25. The average preinjection central macular thickness measured by optical coherence tomography was 351 microm. Three of five patients had no improvement in macular edema after treatment with a single injection of bevacizumab at the 2-week follow-up (average postinjection central macular thickness, 287 microm). Maculopathy in these three patients was long-standing (3-5 years). Improvement in visual acuity occurred in two patients (from 20/30 to 20/25 and from 20/25 to 20/20). Maculopathy in these two patients was diagnosed 1 week before treatment was offered. Resolution of macular edema occurred after a single injection in Patient 4 and after two injections in Patient 5. Patient 4 did not receive direct radiation to the fovea. All but one patient (Patient 5; dose, 8,000 cGy) received a radiation dose of 10,000 cGy to the tumor apex. CONCLUSIONS: In this series, treatment of radiation maculopathy with intravitreal injection of bevacizumab was useful in two patients as measured by improvement in visual acuity due to resolution of macular edema. These patients were younger and had macular edema for a shorter duration. One patient did not receive direct radiation to the fovea, and the other had a lower dose of radiation|
|Keywords:||Macula Lutea; Vitreous Body; Humans; Melanoma; Choroid Neoplasms; Retinal Diseases; Radiation Injuries; Ruthenium Radioisotopes; Angiogenesis Inhibitors; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; Antibodies, Monoclonal; Tomography, Optical Coherence; Brachytherapy; Retreatment; Injections; Retrospective Studies; Follow-Up Studies; Visual Acuity; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Female; Male; Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized|
|Appears in Collections:||Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.