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Type: Journal article
Title: Best practice in temporary labour migration for development: A perspective from Asia and the Pacific
Author: Hugo, G.
Citation: International Migration, 2009; 47(5):23-74
Publisher: Int Organization Migration
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0020-7985
Statement of
Graeme Hugo
Abstract: The dominant mode of international migration in Asia and the Pacific is temporary contract migration of low-skilled workers. The potential for such migration to deliver significant development dividends to origin communities is substantial because of its large scale and the fact that most migrant workers return to their home community. However, there are a number of barriers that are intervening to dampen these potential positive effects, such as high transaction costs, high costs of sending remittances, and the fact that some areas of origin lack the infrastructure and potential for productive investment. Moreover, destination countries have been very welcoming of high skill temporary migrants but highly restrictive in their attitudes toward their low skill counterparts. This paper discusses the lessons of best practice in temporary labour migration programmes in the region, which can help to overcome these obstacles reducing the positive development impacts of migration. It assesses, in turn, best practice separately for each stage of the labour migration process -- recruitment and selection, and pre-departure preparation -- at the destination and on return. In conclusion, a number of the barriers which impinge on Asian Pacific countries' ability to introduce and sustain best practice are discussed. These include the need for capacity building, lack of cooperation between origin and destination countries, lack of data, poor governance of labour migration a failure among governments to recognise the significance of migration and the need for more "development friendly" migration policies in destinations.
RMID: 0020092980
DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2435.2009.00576.x
Appears in Collections:Geography, Environment and Population publications
Australian Population and Migration Research Centre publications

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