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Type: Journal article
Title: Optimum post and tooth root diameters for a cast post-core system
Author: Mou, Y.
Chen, Y.
Smales, R.
Yip, K.
Citation: American Journal of Dentistry, 2009; 22(5):311-314
Publisher: Mosher & Linder Inc
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0894-8275
Statement of
Yong-Bin Mou, Ya-Ming Chen, Roger J Smales and Kevin H K Yip
Abstract: PURPOSE: To investigate the optimum diameter for the tapered post of a cast alloy post-core system relative to the root diameter, when measured at the root face, that is required to minimize both post and root failures. METHODS: 32 extracted maxillary central incisor teeth were each decoronated perpendicular to the long axis at a point 2.0 mm occlusal to the labial cemento-enamel junction. Following endodontic canal obturation, the teeth were assigned randomly to four equal groups for different diameter tapered post space preparations. Then 1.10, 1.50, 1.70, and 2.00 mm diameter cast Ni-Cr alloy post-cores and complete crowns without ferrules were fabricated. Each root was embedded in a large gypsum stone block and the crown loaded palatally at 135 degrees from the long axis in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1.0 mm/minute until failure. Results were analyzed using one-way ANOVA with Tukey-Kramer post hoc tests, and Fisher's exact test, with alpha = 0.05 for statistical significance. RESULTS: Mean failure resistance loads were: 0.60, 0.91, 1.00, and 1.38 kN (P < 0.001). All of the 1.10 mm posts failed, without any root fractures. Conversely, none of the 2.00 mm posts failed, but all of the roots fractured. The optimum post to root diameter ratio to minimize failures was approximately 1:4.
Keywords: Dental Pulp Cavity; Dentin; Tooth Root; Humans; Tooth Fractures; Chromium Alloys; Dental Casting Investment; Odontometry; Materials Testing; Dental Stress Analysis; Dental Restoration Failure; Crowns; Post and Core Technique; Root Canal Preparation; Dental Prosthesis Design; Surface Properties; Stress, Mechanical; Aged; Middle Aged
Rights: Copyright status unknown
RMID: 0020095777
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