Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/58370
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dc.contributor.authorTorok, V.en
dc.contributor.authorHughes, R.en
dc.contributor.authorOphel-Keller, K.en
dc.contributor.authorAli, M.en
dc.contributor.authorMacAlpine, R.en
dc.date.issued2009en
dc.identifier.citationPoultry Science, 2009; 88(12):2474-2481en
dc.identifier.issn0032-5791en
dc.identifier.issn1525-3171en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/58370-
dc.description.abstractA chicken growth study was conducted to determine if litter type influenced gut microbiota and performance in broilers. Seven bedding materials were investigated and included soft and hardwood sawdust, softwood shavings, shredded paper, chopped straw, rice hulls, and reused softwood shavings. Microbial profiling was done to investigate changes in cecal bacterial communities associated with litter material and age. Cecal microbiota were investigated at 14 and 28 d of age (n = 12 birds/litter material). At both ages, the cecal microbiota of chickens raised on reused litter was significantly (P < 0.05) different from that of chickens raised on any of the other litter materials, except softwood shavings at d 28. Cecal microbiota was also significantly different between birds raised on shredded paper and rice hulls at both ages. Age had a significant influence on cecal microbiota composition regardless of litter material. Similarity in cecal microbial communities among birds raised on the same litter treatmentwas greater at 28 d of age (29 to 40%) than at 14 d of age (25 to 32%). Bird performance on the different litter materials was measured by feed conversion ratio, live weight, and feed intake. Significant (P < 0.05) differences were detected in live weight at 14 d of age and feed intake at 14 and 28 d of age among birds (n = 160/treatment) raised on some of the different litter materials. However, no significant (P > 0.05) differences were observed in feed conversion ratio among birds raised on any of the 7 different litter materials at either 14 or 28 d of age. The type of litter material can influence colonization and development of cecal microbiota in chickens. Litter-induced changes in the gut microbiota may be partially responsible for some of the significant differences observed in early rates of growth; therefore, litter choice may have an important role in poultry gut health particularly in the absence of in-feed antibiotics.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityV.A. Torok, R.J. Hughes, K. Ophel-Keller, M. Ali, and R. MacAlpineen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPoultry Science Assoc Incen
dc.rights© 2009 Poultry Science Association Inc.en
dc.subjectcecal microbiota; litter; broiler performance; microbial profiling; terminal restriction fragment length polymorphismen
dc.titleInfluence of different litter materials on cecal microbiota colonization in broiler chickensen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.rmid0020096198en
dc.identifier.doi10.3382/ps.2008-00381en
dc.identifier.pubid35233-
pubs.library.collectionAnimal and Veterinary Sciences publicationsen
pubs.verification-statusVerifieden
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications

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