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Type: Conference paper
Title: Estimation in threshold autoregressive models with nonstationarity
Author: Gao, J.
Tjostheim, D.
Yin, J.
Citation: Nonlinear time series: Threshold modelling and beyond: an international conference in honour of Professor Howell Tong, December 17 - 19, 2009, Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, The University of Hong Kong: pp.1-24
Publisher: University of Adelaide
Publisher Place: Australia
Issue Date: 2009
Conference Name: Nonlinear Time Series: Threshold Modelling and Beyond (2009 : Hong Kong)
Abstract: This paper proposes a class of new nonlinear threshold autoregressive models with both stationary and nonstationary regimes. Existing literature basically focuses on testing for a unit root structure in a threshold autoregressive model. Under the null hypothesis, the model reduces to a simple random walk. Parameter estimation then becomes standard under the null hypothesis. How to estimate parameters involved in an alternative nonstationary model, when the null hypothesis is not true, becomes a nonstandard estimation problem. This is mainly because models under such an alternative are normally null recurrent Markov chains. This paper thus proposes to establish a parameter estimation method for such nonlinear threshold autoregressive models with null recurrent structure. Under certain assumptions, we show that the ordinary least squares (OLS) estimates of the parameters involved are asymptotically consistent. Furthermore, it can be shown that the OLS estimator of the coefficient parameter involved in the stationary regime can still be asymptotically normal while the OLS estimator of the coefficient parameter involved in the nonstationary regime has a nonstandard asymptotic distribution. In the limit, the rate of convergence in the stationary regime is n^(-1/4) , whereas it is n^(-1) in the nonstationary regime. The proposed theory and estimation method is illustrated by both simulated and real data examples.
Rights: Copyright status unknown
RMID: 0020097319
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Appears in Collections:Economics publications

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