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|Title:||Smoking and the risk of upper aero digestive tract cancers for men and women in the Asia-Pacific region|
Martiniuk, Alexandra L. C.
Lam, Tai Hing
Huxley, Rachel R.
|Citation:||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2009; 6:1358-1370|
|Publisher:||Molecular Diversity Preservation International|
|School/Discipline:||School of Population Health and Clinical Practice : Public Health|
|Alireza Ansary-Moghaddam, Alexandra Martiniuk, Tai-Hing Lam, Konrad Jamrozik, Akiko Tamakoshi, Xianghua Fang, Il Suh, Federica Barzi, Rachel Huxley and Mark Woodward|
|Abstract:||Although smoking is an established causal factor for upper aero digestive tract cancer (UADTC), most of the evidence originates from the West. Thus, we analysed data from 455,409 subjects in the Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration. Over a median of around six years follow-up, 371 deaths from UADTC were observed. The hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for current smokers, compared with those who had never smoked, was 2.36 (1.76 – 3.16), adjusted for age and alcohol drinking. Tobacco control policies are urgently required in Asia to prevent millions of deaths from UADTC that smoking will otherwise cause.|
|Keywords:||Cancer of the pharynx; cancer of the larynx; cancer of the esophagus; smoking; alcohol|
|Rights:||© 2009 by the authors; licensee Molecular Diversity Preservation International, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).|
|Appears in Collections:||Public Health publications|
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