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Type: Journal article
Title: Smoking and the risk of upper aero digestive tract cancers for men and women in the Asia-Pacific region
Author: Ansary-Moghaddam, Alireza
Martiniuk, Alexandra L. C.
Lam, Tai Hing
Jamrozik, Konrad
Tamakoshi, Akiko
Fang, Xianghua
Suh, Il
Barzi, Federica
Huxley, Rachel R.
Woodward, Mark
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2009; 6:1358-1370
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 1660-4601
School/Discipline: School of Population Health and Clinical Practice : Public Health
Statement of
Alireza Ansary-Moghaddam, Alexandra Martiniuk, Tai-Hing Lam, Konrad Jamrozik, Akiko Tamakoshi, Xianghua Fang, Il Suh, Federica Barzi, Rachel Huxley and Mark Woodward
Abstract: Although smoking is an established causal factor for upper aero digestive tract cancer (UADTC), most of the evidence originates from the West. Thus, we analysed data from 455,409 subjects in the Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration. Over a median of around six years follow-up, 371 deaths from UADTC were observed. The hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for current smokers, compared with those who had never smoked, was 2.36 (1.76 – 3.16), adjusted for age and alcohol drinking. Tobacco control policies are urgently required in Asia to prevent millions of deaths from UADTC that smoking will otherwise cause.
Keywords: Cancer of the pharynx; cancer of the larynx; cancer of the esophagus; smoking; alcohol
Rights: © 2009 by the authors; licensee Molecular Diversity Preservation International, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open-access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (
RMID: 0020097306
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph6041358
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications

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