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|Title:||Cardiac injuries in car occupants in fatal motor vehicle collisions - An autopsy-based study|
|Citation:||Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 2010; 17(6):339-343|
|Elisabeth E. Turk, Yee-Wah Tsang, Anisha Champaneri, Klaus Pueschel, Roger W. Byard|
|Abstract:||Motor vehicle accidents contribute widely to population morbidity and mortality around the world, and cardiac injuries are a major factor determining outcome. Autopsy reports from 380 motor vehicle occupants who died in motor vehicle crashes in Adelaide, Australia, and Hamburg, Germany, over a 6-year period were reviewed, analysing the presence and type of cardiac injuries and their correlation with factors such as crash type, presence of seatbelt/airbag and vehicle speed as well as with the presence of other injuries which might predict the presence of cardiac injuries in a clinical setting. 21.1% had cardiac injuries identified macroscopically autopsy or histology. Cardiac injuries were the only cause of death or contributed to a fatal outcome in 76% of these cases. Sternal fractures and left-sided serial rib fractures were predictive of cardiac injury.|
|Keywords:||Medico-legal autopsy; Motor vehicle crash; Vehicle occupant; Cardiac injuries; Blunt force; Serial rib fractures|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Pathology publications|
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