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|Title:||The lacrimal bypass tube for lacrimal pump failure attributable to facial palsy|
|Citation:||American Journal of Ophthalmology, 2010; 149(1):155-159|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science Inc|
|Simon N. Madge, Raman Malhotra, JeanLouis DeSousa, Alan McNab, Brett O'Donnell, Peter Dolman and Dinesh Selva|
|Abstract:||PURPOSE: To describe the use of a lacrimal bypass tube in the management of epiphora in patients with epiphora attributable to lacrimal pump failure in facial palsy. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective interventional study. METHODS: Information regarding patient demographics, diagnoses, symptoms, oculoplastic interventions, dacryocystorhinostomy, and Jones tube insertion were collected from patient charts. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were identified, in all of whom epiphora was clinically and/or radiologically assessed as being attributable to pump failure, lid laxity having been corrected. All had constant epiphora prior to Jones tube insertion. Dacryocystorhinostomy was performed in all; insertion of a Jones tube was performed simultaneously in 12, with delayed insertion in 6. Patients' subjective epiphora improved postoperatively in 15 of 18 (83.3%) and at final median follow-up of 27.5 months (range, 6 months to 31 years); symptoms were improved in 13 of 18 (72.2%). Complications occurred in 13 of 18 (72.2%), including tube extrusion and the need for repositioning. CONCLUSIONS: In this highly selected group of patients, Jones tube insertion led to symptom improvement in 83.3% postoperatively and in 72.2% at median follow-up of 27.5 months. Tube extrusion and migration were common, although such complications were not unexpected and were treatable.|
|Keywords:||Nasolacrimal Duct; Humans; Facial Paralysis; Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases; Treatment Outcome; Dacryocystorhinostomy; Retrospective Studies; Intubation; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Child; Female; Male|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications|
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