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Type: Journal article
Title: Upper eyelid anatomy: an update
Author: Kakizaki, H.
Malhotra, R.
Selva-Nayagam, D.
Citation: Annals of Plastic Surgery, 2009; 63(3):336-343
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0148-7043
Statement of
Hirohiko Kakizaki, Raman Malhotra, and Dinesh Selva
Abstract: Eyelid surgery necessitates a thorough knowledge of eyelid anatomy. Recent contributions to the literature have significantly advanced our understanding of eyelid anatomy. In this review, we present an update of the anatomy and the implications for upper eyelid surgery. Aspects to be covered include the levator aponeurosis, Mu¨ller’s muscle, lamina propria mucosae of conjunctiva, orbital septum, myoneural junction of the levator palpebrae superioris muscle, adipose tissue, and the ligament system.
Keywords: Anatomy; upper eyelid; upper eyelid surgery
Rights: Copyright © 2009 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
RMID: 0020092369
DOI: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e31818b42f7
Appears in Collections:Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications

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