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Type: Book chapter
Title: A method to isolate, purify, and characterize human periodontal ligament stem cells
Author: Mrozik, K.
Gronthos, S.
Shi, S.
Bartold, P.
Citation: Oral Biology: Molecular Techniques and Applications, 2010 / Seymour, G., Cullinan, M., Heng, N. (ed./s), pp.269-284
Publisher: Humana Press
Publisher Place: USA
Issue Date: 2010
Series/Report no.: Methods in molecular biology; vol. 666
ISBN: 9781607618195
Statement of
Krzysztof Mrozik, Stan Gronthos, Songtao Shi and P. Mark Bartold
Abstract: Human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) are a unique population of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) which demonstrate the capacity to generate cementum- and periodontal ligament-like structures in vivo. As such, PDLSCs represent a promising cell-based therapy in reconstructive dentistry for the treatment of periodontal disease. The present chapter describes two methods for isolating PDLSCs from human PDL tissue including traditional plastic adherence and immunomagnetic selection based on the expression of MSC-associated surface markers STRO-1 antigen, CD146 (MUC-18), CD29 (integrin beta-1), CD44, and CD106 (VCAM-1). Although no single antibody demonstrates specificity for MSCs, isolation based on the expression of individual markers results in homogeneous preparations of PDLSCs. Methods to further characterize the immunophenotype and multipotent capacity of PDLSCs to differentiate into adipocytes, osteoblast- and cementoblast-like cells in vitro, and cementum- and periodontal ligament-like tissues in vivo are also described.
Keywords: Cells, Cultured; Stem Cells; Mesenchymal Stem Cells; Periodontal Ligament; Humans; Flow Cytometry; Immunohistochemistry; Cell Differentiation
Rights: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010
RMID: 0020106490
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-60761-820-1_17
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Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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