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|Title:||The Resistance of BALB/cJ Mice to Yersinia pestis Maps to the Major Histocompatibility Complex of Chromosome 17|
|Citation:||Infection and Immunity, 2008; 76(9):4092-4099|
|Publisher:||Amer Soc Microbiology|
|Joshua K. Turner, Milton M. McAllister, John L. Xu, and Richard I. Tapping|
|Abstract:||Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, has been well studied at the molecular and genetic levels, but little is known about the role that host genes play in combating this highly lethal pathogen. We challenged several inbred strains of mice with Y. pestis and found that BALB/cJ mice are highly resistant compared to susceptible strains such as C57BL/6J. This resistance was observed only in BALB/cJ mice and not in other BALB/c substrains. Compared to C57BL/6J mice, the BALB/cJ strain exhibited reduced bacterial burden in the spleen and liver early after infection as well as lower levels of serum interleukin-6. These differences were evident 24 h postinfection and became more pronounced with time. Although a significant influx of neutrophils in the spleen and liver was exhibited in both strains, occlusive fibrinous thrombi resulting in necrosis of the surrounding tissue was observed only in C57BL/6J mice. In an effort to identify the gene(s) responsible for resistance, we measured total splenic bacteria in 95 F2 mice 48 h postinfection and performed quantitative trait locus mapping using 58 microsatellite markers spaced throughout the genome. This analysis revealed a single nonrecessive plague resistance locus, designated prl1 (plague resistance locus 1), which coincides with the major histocompatibility complex of chromosome 17. A second screen of 95 backcrossed mice verified that this locus confers resistance to Y. pestis early in infection. Finally, eighth generation backcrossed mice harboring prl1 were found to maintain resistance in the susceptible C57BL/6J background. These results identify a novel genetic locus in BALB/cJ mice that confers resistance to Y. pestis.|
|Keywords:||Liver; Spleen; Chromosomes; Animals; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice; Yersinia pestis; Plague; Cytokines; Colony Count, Microbial; Survival Analysis; Chromosome Mapping; Major Histocompatibility Complex; Immunity, Innate|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2008, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications|
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