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|Title:||Self-administration of an analgesic does not alleviate pain in beak trimmed chickens|
|Citation:||Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2008; 21(3):443-448|
|Publisher:||Asian-Australasian Assoc Animal Production Societies|
|Rafael Freire, Philip C. Glatz and Geoff Hinch|
|Abstract:||Beak trimming in laying hens is a routine practice in which about 1/3-1/2 of the upper and lower beak is removed with the aim of reducing cannibalism. This experiment aimed to identify if this procedure causes pain by examining self-administration of an analgesic (carprofen) and pecking behaviour in 80 laying pullets beak-trimmed by two different methods at one day of age using hotblade cauterisation or infra-red cauterisation. We also tested a control treatment, pullets with intact beaks, and a positive control treatment of pullets beak trimmed at 10 weeks of age which were expected to experience some pain due to recent severing of the underlying nerves in the beak. At 11 weeks of age birds trimmed at 10 weeks of age pecked more (p<0.001) gently (0.6±0.06 N) at a disc attached to a force-displacement transducer than birds trimmed at 1 day of age with an infra-red machine (0.9±0.1 N) or a hot blade (1.1±0.07 N) and intact birds (1.2±0.1 N). Maximum force of pecks recorded was also lower (p<0.001) in birds trimmed at 10 weeks of age than birds trimmed at 1 day of age with an infra-red method or a hot blade and intact birds. However, the pecking force in birds trimmed at 10 weeks of age was not increased by providing them with analgesic-treated feed, though birds that ate more carprofen had a higher maximum force of peck (p = 0.03). Pecking force in birds beak-trimmed at 1 day of age was the same as the pecking force of intact birds, and was unaffected by feeding pullets carprofen. A method of self-administration of an analgesic had previously revealed that chickens in neuromuscular pain arising from lameness consumed more of a feed containing carprofen than healthy chickens. However, we found no evidence that beak-trimmed pullets consumed more carprofen-treated feed than pullets with an intact beak. It should be noted that the three beak trimming methods resulted in an average 34% reduction in beak length, considered a light trim, and is perhaps not representative of commercial birds where greater portions of the beak are removed. We conclude that although carprofen has been reported to have an analgesic effect on neuromuscular pain in chickens, it appears to have no analgesic effect on potential neuropathic pain arising from the nerves severed by a light beak trim.|
|Keywords:||Beak Trimming; Analgesic; Hens; Neuropathic Pain; Carprofen|
|Rights:||COPYRIGHT 2008 Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies|
|Appears in Collections:||Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications|
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