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|Title:||Retrospective study of Campylobacter infection in a zoological collection|
|Citation:||Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2008; 74(5):1332-1338|
|Publisher:||Amer Soc Microbiology|
|Maged M. Taema, James C. Bull, Shaheed K. Macgregor, Edmund J. Flach, Wayne S. Boardman and Andrew D. Routh|
|Abstract:||Little is known about the epidemiology of Campylobacter spp. in wild animal populations. However, zoological collections can provide valuable insights. Using records from the Zoological Society of London Whipsnade Zoo compiled between 1990 and 2003, the roles of a range of biotic and abiotic factors associated with the occurrence of campylobacteriosis were investigated. The occurrence of campylobacteriosis varied widely across host taxonomic orders. Furthermore, in mammals, a combination of changes in both rainfall and temperature in the week preceding the onset of gastroenteritis were associated with isolation of Campylobacter from feces. In birds, there was a weak negative correlation between mean weekly rainfall and isolation of Campylobacter from feces. Importantly, in birds we found that the mean weekly rainfall 3 to 4 weeks before symptoms of gastroenteritis appeared was the best predictor of Campylobacter infection. Campylobacter-related gastroenteritis cases with mixed concurrent infections were positively associated with the presence of parasites (helminths and protozoans) in mammals, while in birds Campylobacter was associated with other concurrent bacterial infections rather than with the presence of helminths and protozoans. This study suggests that climatic elements are important factors associated with Campylobacter-related gastroenteritis. Further investigations are required to improve our understanding of Campylobacter epidemiology in captive wild animal populations.|
|Keywords:||Feces; Animals; Animals, Zoo; Birds; Mammals; Campylobacter Infections; Linear Models; Retrospective Studies; Temperature; Rain; Seasons; London|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2008, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications|
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