Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/68321
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dc.contributor.authorTaema, M.en
dc.contributor.authorBull, J.en
dc.contributor.authorMacgregor, S.en
dc.contributor.authorFlach, E.en
dc.contributor.authorBoardman, W.en
dc.contributor.authorRouth, A.en
dc.date.issued2008en
dc.identifier.citationApplied and Environmental Microbiology, 2008; 74(5):1332-1338en
dc.identifier.issn0099-2240en
dc.identifier.issn1098-5336en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/68321-
dc.description.abstractLittle is known about the epidemiology of Campylobacter spp. in wild animal populations. However, zoological collections can provide valuable insights. Using records from the Zoological Society of London Whipsnade Zoo compiled between 1990 and 2003, the roles of a range of biotic and abiotic factors associated with the occurrence of campylobacteriosis were investigated. The occurrence of campylobacteriosis varied widely across host taxonomic orders. Furthermore, in mammals, a combination of changes in both rainfall and temperature in the week preceding the onset of gastroenteritis were associated with isolation of Campylobacter from feces. In birds, there was a weak negative correlation between mean weekly rainfall and isolation of Campylobacter from feces. Importantly, in birds we found that the mean weekly rainfall 3 to 4 weeks before symptoms of gastroenteritis appeared was the best predictor of Campylobacter infection. Campylobacter-related gastroenteritis cases with mixed concurrent infections were positively associated with the presence of parasites (helminths and protozoans) in mammals, while in birds Campylobacter was associated with other concurrent bacterial infections rather than with the presence of helminths and protozoans. This study suggests that climatic elements are important factors associated with Campylobacter-related gastroenteritis. Further investigations are required to improve our understanding of Campylobacter epidemiology in captive wild animal populations.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityMaged M. Taema, James C. Bull, Shaheed K. Macgregor, Edmund J. Flach, Wayne S. Boardman and Andrew D. Routhen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmer Soc Microbiologyen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2008, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.en
dc.subjectFeces; Animals; Animals, Zoo; Birds; Mammals; Campylobacter Infections; Linear Models; Retrospective Studies; Temperature; Rain; Seasons; Londonen
dc.titleRetrospective study of Campylobacter infection in a zoological collectionen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.rmid0020106238en
dc.identifier.doi10.1128/AEM.02060-07en
dc.identifier.pubid30809-
pubs.library.collectionAnimal and Veterinary Sciences publicationsen
pubs.verification-statusVerifieden
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
dc.identifier.orcidBoardman, W. [0000-0002-1746-0682]en
Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications

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