Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/68869
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dc.contributor.authorCharlton-Robb, K.en
dc.contributor.authorGershwin, L.en
dc.contributor.authorThompson, R.en
dc.contributor.authorAustin, J.en
dc.contributor.authorOwen, K.en
dc.contributor.authorMcKechnie, S.en
dc.date.issued2011en
dc.identifier.citationPLoS One, 2011; 6(9):e24047-1-e24047-28en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/68869-
dc.description.abstractSmall coastal dolphins endemic to south-eastern Australia have variously been assigned to described species Tursiops truncatus, T. aduncus or T. maugeanus; however the specific affinities of these animals is controversial and have recently been questioned. Historically ‘the southern Australian Tursiops’ was identified as unique and was formally named Tursiops maugeanus but was later synonymised with T. truncatus. Morphologically, these coastal dolphins share some characters with both aforementioned recognised Tursiops species, but they also possess unique characters not found in either. Recent mtDNA and microsatellite genetic evidence indicates deep evolutionary divergence between this dolphin and the two currently recognised Tursiops species. However, in accordance with the recommendations of the Workshop on Cetacean Systematics, and the Unified Species Concept the use of molecular evidence alone is inadequate for describing new species. Here we describe the macro-morphological, colouration and cranial characters of these animals, assess the available and new genetic data, and conclude that multiple lines of evidence clearly indicate a new species of dolphin. We demonstrate that the syntype material of T. maugeanus comprises two different species, one of which is the historical ‘southern form of Tursiops’ most similar to T. truncatus, and the other is representative of the new species and requires formal classification. These dolphins are here described as Tursiops australis sp. nov., with the common name of ‘Burrunan Dolphin’ following Australian aboriginal narrative. The recognition of T. australis sp. nov. is particularly significant given the endemism of this new species to a small geographic region of southern and south-eastern Australia, where only two small resident populations in close proximity to a major urban and agricultural centre are known, giving them a high conservation value and making them susceptible to numerous anthropogenic threats.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityKate Charlton-Robb, Lisa-ann Gershwin, Ross Thompson, Jeremy Austin, Kylie Owen and Stephen McKechnieen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen
dc.rights© 2011 Charlton-Robb et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are crediteden
dc.subjectAnimals; Dolphins; Cytochromes b; DNA, Mitochondrial; Cluster Analysis; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Phylogeny; Microsatellite Repeats; Haplotypes; Classification; South Australia; Bottle-Nosed Dolphin; Genetic Variationen
dc.titleA new dolphin species, the Burrunan dolphin Tursiops australis sp. nov., endemic to southern Australian coastal watersen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.rmid0020112798en
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0024047en
dc.identifier.pubid27713-
pubs.library.collectionAustralian Centre for Ancient DNA publicationsen
pubs.verification-statusVerifieden
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
dc.identifier.orcidAustin, J. [0000-0003-4244-2942]en
Appears in Collections:Australian Centre for Ancient DNA publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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