Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/71240
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Type: Journal article
Title: Müller's muscle tendon: Microscopic anatomy in Asians
Other Titles: Muller's muscle tendon: Microscopic anatomy in Asians
Author: Kakizaki, H.
Takahashi, Y.
Nakano, T.
Ikeda, H.
Selva-Nayagam, D.
Leibovitch, I.
Citation: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 2011; 27(2):122-124
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0740-9303
1537-2677
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Hirohiko Kakizaki, Yasuhiro Takahashi, Takashi Nakano, Hiroshi Ikeda, Dinesh Selva and Igal Leibovitch
Abstract: Purpose: To describe the anatomic characteristics of Müller's muscle tendon. Materials and Methods: Twelve postmortem, buffered formalin (10%)-fixed eyelids (6 right, 6 left) of 10 Asians (aged 62 to 92 years at death; mean age: 77.1 years) were used. Full-thickness sagittal sections of the upper eyelid specimens were dehydrated and embedded in paraffin and cut in 7-µm-thickness sagittal sections. Sliced sections were stained with elastica van Gieson. The concentration of the elastic fibers in Müller's muscle tendon was analyzed and compared with the concentration in the levator aponeurosis. Fat deposition and the dimensions of Müller's muscle tendon were also analyzed. Results: Both Müller's muscle tendon and the levator aponeurosis contained elastic fibers, which were more abundant in Müller's muscle tendon. Fat deposition in Müller's muscle tendon was demonstrated only in one specimen from an 84-year-old male. The average length of Müller's muscle tendon was 2.56 mm (range: 1.40–5.64 mm), and the average thickness of the tendon was 0.27 mm (range: 0.08–0.88 mm). There was no correlation between cadaver age and muscle length or thickness. Conclusions: Müller's muscle tendon is rich in elastic fibers with minimal age-related fat deposition.
Keywords: Eyelids; Oculomotor Muscles; Muscle, Smooth; Tendons; Humans; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Middle Aged; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Male
Rights: ©2011 The American Society of Opthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc.
RMID: 0020103554
DOI: 10.1097/IOP.0b013e3181eea7f3
Appears in Collections:Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications

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