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|Title:||Diagnosing non-stationary behaviour in a hydrological model|
|Citation:||Proceedings of the 34th Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium, held in Sydney, 19-22 November, 2012: pp.256-264|
|Conference Name:||Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium (34th : 2012 : Sydney)|
|Seth Westra, Mark Thyer, Michael Leonard, Dmitri Kavetski and Martin Lambert|
|Abstract:||The stationarity of hydrological models is increasingly being called into question, due partly to changes in land cover as well as natural and anthropogenic climate change. This issue is manifest in model parameters which change over time, creating challenges in calibration and validation (as the joint distribution of model parameters is conditional to the period used for model calibration), and in prediction when one wishes to investigate runoff properties in the future. This paper describes the incorporation of non-stationary parameters into a well established rainfall-runoff model – GR4J – using the Bayesian Total Error Analysis (BATEA) framework for calibration. A subcatchment of the Onkaparinga river in South Australia was used as a case study, and it was found that GR4J parameter ‘x1’ varied significantly seasonally and also exhibited a longer-term increasing trend over the calibration period from 1974 to 1999. The inclusion of this non-stationary parameter in the model reduced the over-prediction in the drier validation period from 2000 to 2010 from 25% to 1.5%. Finally, we note that the attribution of non-stationarity in the model to specific causes such as one or more missing processes remains a significant challenge, and we therefore advocate the use of nonstationary parameters as a diagnostic tool to identify model deficiencies, rather than for prediction.|
|Rights:||© 2012 Engineers Australia|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 7|
Civil and Environmental Engineering publications
Environment Institute publications
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