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Type: Journal article
Title: A pharmacodynamic investigation into the efficacy of osteoprotegerin during aseptic inflammation
Author: Curl, L.
Barker, C.
Dreyer, C.
Sampson, W.
Citation: Australian Orthodontic Journal, 2012; 28(2):219-224
Publisher: Australian Society of Orthodontists
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0587-3908
Statement of
Linda Curl, Christopher Barker, Craig Dreyer and Wayne Sampson
Abstract: Background: Osteoprotegerin (OPG), as an osteoclast antagonist, limits mineralised tissue resorption under physiological conditions. Previous work investigating OPG in a rat periodontal ligament (PDL) ankylosis model found no inhibitory effect on osteoclasts when OPG was administered at a dosage of 2.5mg/kg.1,2 Aims: The object of this study was to determine whether dosages higher than 2.5 mg/kg of OPG were required to limit osteoclastic activity in an aseptic inflammatory model in rats. Materials and methods: Dry ice was applied for 15 minutes to the upper right first molar crown of eighteen, 8-week-old, male Sprague-Dawley rats. Three groups of 3 were injected with OPG at dosages of 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 mg/kg of body weight immediately following the thermal insult. After 7 days, the rats were sacrificed and each maxilla processed for histological examination and stained for osteoclastic activity using tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP). Osteoclast population numbers were estimated via light microscopy and results were analysed using a comparative mixed model statistical analysis. Results: Results showed OPG inhibited osteoclastic activity in a dose-dependent manner. From 2.5 mg/kg to 7.5 mg/kg, osteoclast populations were linearly reduced by 39.8% (p < 0.05). OPG did not appear to affect the inflammatory process and had varied efficacy in different regions of individual teeth. Conclusion: Although osteoclastic activity reduced, it was not completely eliminated, perhaps because dosages were still inadequate, or additional factors might influence OPG and osteoclast activation in the aseptic inflammatory model.
Keywords: Maxilla
Tooth Crown
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Root Resorption
Disease Models, Animal
Dry Ice
Acid Phosphatase
Cell Count
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase
Rights: © Australian Society of Orthodontists Inc. 2012
DOI: 10.2478/aoj-2012-0020
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Dentistry publications

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