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Type: Journal article
Title: Gastric emptying, mouth-to-cecum transit, and glycemic, insulin, incretin, and energy intake responses to a mixed-nutrient liquid in lean, overweight, and obese males
Author: Seimon, R.
Brennan, I.
Russo, A.
Little, T.
Jones, K.
Standfield, S.
Wishart, J.
Horowitz, M.
Feinle-Bisset, C.
Citation: American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2013; 304(3):294-300
Publisher: Amer Physiological Soc
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0193-1849
Statement of
Radhika V. Seimon, Ixchel M. Brennan, Antonietta Russo, Tanya J. Little, Karen L. Jones, Scott Standfield, Judith M. Wishart, Michael Horowitz, and Christine Feinle-Bisset
Abstract: Observations relating to the impact of obesity on gastric emptying (GE) and the secretion of gut hormones are inconsistent, probably because of a lack of studies in which GE, gastrointestinal hormone release, and energy intake (EI) have been evaluated concurrently with previous patterns of nutrient intake. GE is known to be a major determinant of postprandial glycemia and incretin secretion in health and type 2 diabetes. The aims of this study were to determine the effects of a mixed-nutrient drink on GE, oro-cecal transit, blood glucose, insulin and incretin concentrations and EI, and the relationship between the glycemic response to the drink with GE in lean, overweight, and obese subjects. Twenty lean, 20 overweight, and 20 obese males had measurements of GE, oro-cecal transit, and blood glucose, insulin, GLP-1, and GIP concentrations for 5 h after ingestion of a mixed-nutrient drink (500 ml, 532 kcal); EI at a subsequent buffet lunch was determined. Habitual EI was also quantified. Glycemic and insulinemic responses to the drink were greater in the obese (both P < 0.05) when compared with both lean and overweight, with no significant differences in GE, intragastric distribution, oro-cecal transit, incretins, or EI (buffet lunch or habitual) between groups. The magnitude of the rise in blood glucose after the drink was greater when GE was relatively more rapid (r = -0.55, P < 0.05). In conclusion, in the absence of differences in habitual EI, both GE and incretin hormones are unaffected in the obese despite greater glucose and insulin responses, and GE is a determinant of postprandial glycemia.
Keywords: glucagon-like peptide-1; glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide; habitual food intake; blood glucose control
Rights: Copyright © 2013 the American Physiological Society
RMID: 0020124770
DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00533.2012
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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