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Type: Journal article
Title: Predictors of mental health in adults with congenital craniofacial conditions attending the Australian Craniofacial Unit
Author: Roberts, R.
Mathias, J.
Citation: Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 2013; 50(4):414-423
Publisher: Amer Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Assoc
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 1055-6656
Statement of
R.M. Roberts, J.L. Mathias
Abstract: Objective : Adults with craniofacial conditions experience more psychosocial problems than adults in the general population, but little is known about the factors that render a person more or less susceptible to these problems. Guided by research on adults with other conditions that affect appearance, this study examined predictors of psychosocial outcome in adults with craniofacial conditions. Design : Single-sample cross-sectional design. Setting : The Australian Craniofacial Unit, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, one of the main craniofacial treatment centers in Australia. Participants : Adults (N  =  93; 36.9% of the potential sample) with congenital craniofacial conditions (excluding cleft lip and/or cleft palate) who were treated in the Australian Craniofacial Unit. Main Outcome Measures : All participants completed measures assessing anxiety, depression, and quality of life (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Short-Form Health Survey) and variables predicted to affect these outcomes (SF-36 Health Survey - Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Cleft Satisfaction Profile, Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale, Derriford Appearance Scale). Results : Multiple regression analyses revealed that anxiety was predicted by social support, self-esteem, and fear of negative evaluation, while depression was predicted by self-esteem and social support. Physical quality of life was not predicted by any of the measures. Satisfaction with appearance, gender, age, and education were not related to outcome. Conclusions : Interventions designed to increase perceived social support and self-esteem and reduce fear of negative evaluation appear to be indicated and may assist in establishing a causal relationship between these variables.
Keywords: anxiety; craniofacial; depression; predictor; quality of life
Rights: © Copyright 2013 American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association
RMID: 0020130962
DOI: 10.1597/11-105
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

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