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Type: Journal article
Title: Horizontal axis wind turbine dynamic stall predictions based on wind speed and direction variability
Author: Choudhry, A.
Arjomandi, M.
Kelso, R.
Citation: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part A-journal of Power and Energy, 2013; 227(3):338-351
Publisher: Professional Engineering Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0957-6509
Statement of
Amanullah Choudhry, Maziar Arjomandi and Richard Kelso
Abstract: The onset of dynamic stall in horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs) is related to the rapid increase in the angle of attack caused by sudden changes in wind speed and direction. In order to relate the changes in wind speed and direction with the variations in the blade-section angle of attack, an analytical model is proposed to determine the regions of the blade affected by dynamic stall. The so-called threshold radius has been identified and defined as the percentage of the blade length from the horizontal axis wind turbines hub beyond which the probability of dynamic stall occurrence falls to zero. High quality wind data were acquired to determine the average wind conditions that serve as the model inputs. It is shown that the rate of change of wind speed, due to gusts or the average turbulence, can cause large regions of dynamic stall on the wind turbine blade. Other parameters, such as the yaw misalignment and the rate of change of yaw angle are shown to be the cause of asymmetrical distribution of threshold radius with azimuth and also serve to increase the affected regions. Finally it is shown that the type of airfoil used in the turbine blade also has a significant effect on the threshold radius due to the different limiting reduced frequencies.
Keywords: Horizontal axis wind turbine; dynamic stall; reduced frequency; wind turbine yaw response; gust response; turbulence intensity
Rights: © IMechE 2013
RMID: 0020131531
DOI: 10.1177/0957650912470941
Appears in Collections:Mechanical Engineering publications

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