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Type: Journal article
Title: Implementing health research through academic and clinical partnerships: a realistic evaluation of the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC)
Author: Rycroft-Malone, J.
Wilkinson, J.
Burton, C.
Andrews, G.
Ariss, S.
Baker, R.
Dopson, S.
Graham, I.
Harvey, G.
Martin, G.
McCormack, B.
Staniszewska, S.
Thompson, C.
Citation: Implementation Science, 2011; 6(74):1-12
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 1748-5908
Statement of
Jo Rycroft-Malone, Joyce E Wilkinson, Christopher R Burton, Gavin Andrews, Steven Ariss, Richard Baker, Sue Dopson, Ian Graham, Gill Harvey, Graham Martin, Brendan G McCormack, Sophie Staniszewska and Carl Thompson
Abstract: Background: The English National Health Service has made a major investment in nine partnerships between higher education institutions and local health services called Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC). They have been funded to increase capacity and capability to produce and implement research through sustained interactions between academics and health services. CLAHRCs provide a natural 'test bed' for exploring questions about research implementation within a partnership model of delivery. This protocol describes an externally funded evaluation that focuses on implementation mechanisms and processes within three CLAHRCs. It seeks to uncover what works, for whom, how, and in what circumstances. Design and methods: This study is a longitudinal three-phase, multi-method realistic evaluation, which deliberately aims to explore the boundaries around knowledge use in context. The evaluation funder wishes to see it conducted for the process of learning, not for judging performance. The study is underpinned by a conceptual framework that combines the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services and Knowledge to Action frameworks to reflect the complexities of implementation. Three participating CLARHCS will provide in-depth comparative case studies of research implementation using multiple data collection methods including interviews, observation, documents, and publicly available data to test and refine hypotheses over four rounds of data collection. We will test the wider applicability of emerging findings with a wider community using an interpretative forum. Discussion: The idea that collaboration between academics and services might lead to more applicable health research that is actually used in practice is theoretically and intuitively appealing; however the evidence for it is limited. Our evaluation is designed to capture the processes and impacts of collaborative approaches for implementing research, and therefore should contribute to the evidence base about an increasingly popular (e.g., Mode two, integrated knowledge transfer, interactive research), but poorly understood approach to knowledge translation. Additionally we hope to develop approaches for evaluating implementation processes and impacts particularly with respect to integrated stakeholder involvement.
Keywords: Humans
Data Collection
Longitudinal Studies
Program Evaluation
Cooperative Behavior
Models, Theoretical
Models, Organizational
Empirical Research
Research Design
Health Policy
Diffusion of Innovation
Health Services Research
Program Development
Community-Institutional Relations
Evidence-Based Practice
United Kingdom
Rights: © 2011 Rycroft-Malone et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI: 10.1186/1748-5908-6-74
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