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Type: Journal article
Title: Effect of eCG or eCG plus hCG on oestrus expression and ovulation in prepubertal gilts
Author: Manjarin, R.
Cassar, G.
Sprecher, D.
Friendship, R.
Dominguez, J.
Kirkwood, R.
Citation: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 2009; 44(3):411-413
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0936-6768
Statement of
R Manjarin, G Cassar, DJ Sprecher, RM Friendship, JC Dominguez and RN Kirkwood
Abstract: To meet weekly breeding targets, it is occasionally necessary to inject exogenous gonadotrophins to induce oestrus in prepubertal gilts. However, the gilt oestrus response to equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) either alone or in combination with human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) can be unpredictable. The objective of the present study was to examine possible reasons for this unpredictability. Prepubertal gilts (90 kg and 153 days of age, n = 109) received an injection of either 600 IU eCG or a combination of 400 IU eCG and 200 IU hCG (PG600), or were non-injected controls, and were then exposed to a mature boar for 15 min daily for 7 days for oestrus detection. At the time of injection, real-time ultrasound revealed that the gilt ovaries had primarily 1–2 mm follicles. Blood samples were obtained at time of hormone injection (day 0) and at days 3, 7 and 10 for assay of serum progesterone concentrations. The oestrus responses by 7 days were15.5%, 73.3% and 0%, for eCG, PG600, and control gilts, respectively (p < 0.001). The oestrus response improved (p < 0.05) with increasing body weight. Based on circulating progesterone levels, all oestrous gilts ovulated except for four of the PG600 gilts. Failure to express oestrus in PG600 gilts was not associated with a premature rise in progesterone.
Rights: © 2008 The Authors
RMID: 0030006853
DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01089.x
Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications

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