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Type: Journal article
Title: A hybrid solar chemical looping combustion system with a high solar share
Author: Jafarian, S.
Arjomandi, M.
Nathan, G.
Citation: Applied Energy, 2014; 126:69-77
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0306-2619
Statement of
Mehdi Jafarian, Maziar Arjomandi, Graham J. Nathan
Abstract: A novel hybrid solar chemical looping combustion (Hy-Sol-CLC) is presented, in which the oxygen carrier particles in a CLC system are employed to provide thermal energy storage for concentrated solar thermal energy. This hybrid aims to take advantage of key features of a chemical looping combustion (CLC) system that are desirable for solar energy systems, notably their inherent chemical and sensible energy storage systems, the relatively low temperature of the "fuel" reactor (to which the concentrated solar thermal energy is added in a hybrid) relative to that of the final temperature of the product gas and the potential to operate the fuel reactor at a different pressure to the heated gas stream. By this approach, it is aimed to achieve high efficiency of the solar energy, infrastructure sharing, economic synergy, base load power generation and a high solar fraction of the total energy. In the proposed Hy-Sol-CLC system, a cavity solar receiver has been chosen for fuel reactor while for the storage of the oxygen carrier particles two reservoirs have been added to a conventional CLC. A heat exchanger is also proposed to provide independent control of the temperatures of the storage reservoirs from those of solar fuel and air reactors. The system is simulated using Aspen Plus software for the average diurnal profile of normal irradiance for Port Augusta, South Australia. The operating temperature of the fuel reactor, solar absorption efficiency, solar share, fraction of the solar thermal energy stored within the solar reactor, the fractions of sensible and chemical storages and the system exergy efficiency are reported. The calculations show that a total solar share of around 60% can be achieved. Also reported is the sensitivity to the effects of key operating parameters, i.e. reservoir temperature, molar ratio of oxygen carrier particles to fuel, solar fuel reactor operating temperature and solar collector field concentration ratio. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Hybrid systems; solar thermal energy; chemical looping combustion; energy storage
Rights: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.03.071
Grant ID: ARC
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