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Type: Journal article
Title: Falcatifolium (Podocarpaceae) macrofossils from Paleogene sediments in south-eastern Australia: a reassessment
Author: Hill, R.S.
Scriven, L.J.
Citation: Australian Systematic Botany, 1999; 11(5-6):711-720
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Issue Date: 1999
ISSN: 1030-1887
Statement of
Robert S. Hill and Leonie J. Scriven
Abstract: A re-investigation of macrofossils previously referred to the extantpodocarpaceous genus Falcatifolium Laubenfels shows thatno records can be sustained. Falcatifolium australisD.R.Greenwood from Middle Eocene sediments in Victoria bears littleresemblance to extant species in the genus and is transferred to the newfossil genus Sigmaphyllum R.S.Hill & L.J.Scriven.Specimens from Early Oligocene sediments in Tasmania previously assigned toFalcatifolium are described as a second species ofSigmaphyllum, S. tasmanensisR.S.Hill & L.J.Scriven, and specimens from mid to late Eocene sediments inTasmania previously assigned to Falcatifolium do notbelong to that genus, although their true generic affinities are uncertain.Dispersed cuticle specimens from Late Eocene–Oligocene sediments inSouth Australia referred to Falcatifolium are notreliable records of the genus and require further investigation. However,Dacrycarpus eocenica D.R.Greenwood, from Middle Eocenesediments in Victoria is transferred to Falcatifolium,and is similar to the extant species F. angustumLaubenfels, which has a leaf morphology unusual for the genus.Falcatifolium eocenica (D.R.Greenwood) R.S.Hill & L.J.Scriven is the only reliable record of the genus in the Australian fossil record to date.
Rights: © CSIRO 1998
RMID: 0030009312
DOI: 10.1071/SB97014
Appears in Collections:Ecology, Evolution and Landscape Science publications

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