Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/86962
Type: Journal article
Title: Visualising muscle anatomy using three-dimensional computer models - an example using the head and neck muscles of Sphenodon
Author: Curtis, N.
Jones, M.
Evans, S.
O'Higgins, P.
Fagan, M.
Citation: Palaeontologia Electronica, 2009; 12(3):1-18
Publisher: Coquina Press
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 1094-8074
1935-3952
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Neil Curtis, Marc E. H. Jones, Susan E. Evans, Paul O’Higgins, and Michael J. Fagan
Abstract: We demonstrate how the computer-based technique of multi-body dynamics analysis (MDA) can be used to create schematic, but informative three-dimensional (3D) representations of complex muscle anatomy. As an example we provide an overview of the head and neck muscles present in Sphenodon (Diapsida: Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia). First a computer model based on micro-computed tomography datasets provides a detailed and anatomically correct three-dimensional (3D) framework to work from. Secondly, muscles are represented by groups of cylinders that can be colour coded as desired. This allows muscle positions, attachment areas, and 3D orientation to be visualised clearly. This method has advantages over imaging techniques such as two-dimensional drawings and permits the form and function of the muscles to be understood in a way that is not always possible with more classical visualisation techniques.
Keywords: 3D; imaging; muscle; myology; head; neck
Rights: Copyright: Palaeontological Association December 2009
RMID: 0030008511
Published version: http://palaeo-electronica.org/2009_3/194/index.html
Appears in Collections:Ecology, Evolution and Landscape Science publications

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