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Type: Journal article
Title: Internalized symptoms in adolescence as predictors of mental health in adulthood in the Northern Swedish cohort
Author: Winefield, H.
Hammarstrom, A.
Nygren, K.
Hagglof, B.
Citation: Health, 2013; 5(7):1164-1171
Publisher: Sage Publications
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 1363-4593
Statement of
Helen R. Winefield, Anne Hammarström, Karina Nygren and Bruno Hägglöf
Abstract: Although mental health symptoms in children and adolescents are shown to predict young adult mental health outcomes, long-term prospective studies of childhood cohorts are few. The aim of the present study was to analyze the prospective importance of internalized mental health symptoms in adolescence for internalized symptoms in adulthood. METHODS: A community-based prospective longitudinal cohort provided information by questionnaire about psychological status at age 16 and 43 (n=1010, representing 94.3% of those still alive). Socio-demographic variables which were indicative of possible childhood adversity (parental class, absence, illness, unemployment, relationship, crowding, number of moves) were treated as confounders and controlled for in ordinal regression. RESULTS: For both women and men, internalizing mental health symptoms reported at 16 significantly predicted the same outcome at 43 years, after controlling for previous adverse environmental conditions (OR =1.2 for women, 1.3 for men). CONCLUSION: In this representative cohort studied over 27 years with excellent retention rates, the occurrence of self-reported worry, panic and sadness in mid-adolescence significantly increased the likelihood of similar states in middle adulthood.
Keywords: Mental health; internalizing symptons; adolescence; middle adulthood
Rights: Copyright © 2013 Helen R. Winefield et. al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
RMID: 0020137833
DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.57157
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

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