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Type: Journal article
Title: Oral health-related quality of life of schoolchildren: impact of clinical and psychosocial variables
Author: Schuch, H.
Dos Santos Costa, F.
Torriani, D.
Demarco, F.
Goettems, M.
Citation: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 2014; 25(5):358-365
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0960-7439
Statement of
Helena Silveira Schuch, Francine dos Santos Costa, Dione Dias Torriani, Flávio Fernando Demarco and Marília Leão Goettems
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Besides the clinical aspects, the patient's perspective of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) may be influenced by a series of individual characteristics. AIM: The aim was to investigate the impact of clinical and psychosocial variables on the OHRQoL of Brazilian schoolchildren. DESIGN: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted with children of 8-10 year old attending public (15) and private (5) schools (n = 749). Questionnaires were applied to parents to obtain socioeconomic characteristics, and children were interviewed. Assessment of OHRQoL was performed using the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 8-10 (CPQ). Oral health examinations included periodontal condition, dental caries, dental trauma, and malocclusion assessment. Unadjusted analyses were undertaken using t-tests and one-way analysis of variance. Multiple linear regression was used to assess the effects of independent variables on CPQ scores. RESULTS: Factors associated with higher CPQ scores in the linear regression analysis after adjustments were family income, presence of decayed teeth, self-reported dental trauma, dental fear, and dental pain. CONCLUSION: Oral health-related quality of life was influenced by psychosocial and clinical variables.
Keywords: Humans
Dental Caries
DMF Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dental Anxiety
Quality of Life
Oral Health
Surveys and Questionnaires
Description: Article first published online: 22 JUL 2014
Rights: © 2014 BSPD, IAPD and John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
DOI: 10.1111/ipd.12118
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