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Type: Journal article
Title: The utility of non-specific measures of resilience across the lifespan: an investigation of structural invariance across gender and age cohorts
Author: Liu, D.
Fairweather-Schmidt, A.
Burns, R.
Roberts, R.
Citation: Australian Journal of Psychology, 2016; 68(1):3-10
Publisher: Australian Psychological Society
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1742-9536
Statement of
Danica W.Y. Liu, A. Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Richard A. Burns, and Rachel M. Roberts
Abstract: Objective: This study evaluated the relationship between specific and non-specific types of resilience measures. It also examined the structural invariance of a resilience measure with health and personality characteristics between gender and age groups. Method: Participants were a community-based sample from the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life study from Canberra, Australia. PATH comprises three age cohorts, and at the time of the current study, these cohorts were aged between 28–32, 48–52, and 48–52 years. Analyses included regression to estimate variance, and multiple group analysis tested structural invariance. Results: Several significant differences resulted in failure to support full structural invariance in the associations between resilience and health and personality characteristics across cohorts, and also between gender within each age group. Similarly, variance in resilience explained by the covariates ranged from 65% in the 20s to 44% in the 60s. Conclusion: To surmise, resilience appears to be a unique psychological construct, independent of other related factors, with different corollaries across the lifespan and between genders. This suggests that indirect measures of resilience are not as effective as compared with a resilience-specific measure.
Keywords: age; CD-RISC; gender; independent measures; resilience
Description: Article first published online: 29 MAR 2015
Rights: © 2015 The Australian Psychological Society
RMID: 0030030499
DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12091
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

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