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|Title:||Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB ligand expression by human myeloma cells mediates osteoclast formation in vitro and correlates with bone destruction in vivo|
|Citation:||Cancer Research, 2003; 63(17):5438-5445|
|Publisher:||Amer Assoc Cancer Research|
|Amanda N. Farrugia, Gerald J. Atkins, L. Bik To, Beiqing Pan, Noemi Horvath, Panagiota Kostakis, David M. Findlay, Peter Bardy, and Andrew C. W. Zannettino|
|Abstract:||Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable B-cell malignancy able to mediate massive destruction of the axial skeleton. The aim of this study was to examine the involvement of the tumor necrosis factor-ligand family member, receptor activator of nuclear factor-B ligand (RANKL), and its naturally occurring antagonist, osteoprotegerin (OPG), in MM biology. Using flow cytometry and two independent anti-RANKL antibodies, we demonstrate RANKL expression in CD38+++CD45+ and CD38+++CD45- myeloma plasma cell (MPC) subpopulations derived from patients with osteolytic MM. In addition, highly purified subpopulations of MPC express mRNA for both transmembrane and soluble RANKL isoforms but lack expression of OPG mRNA and protein. We also show that RANKL expressed by MPC is functional as in vitro coculture of CD38+++CD45+ and CD38+++CD45- MPC subpopulations with peripheral blood mononuclear cells resulted in the formation of multinucleate, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive osteoclasts-like cells capable of forming typical resorption pits. Furthermore, high expression of membrane-associated RANKL by CD38+++ MPC correlated with the presence of multiple radiological bone lesions in individuals with MM. Together, our data strongly suggest that RANKL expression by MPC confers on them the ability to participate directly in the formation of osteoclast in vivo and extends our knowledge of the involvement of RANKL and OPG in the osteolysis characteristic of this disease.|
|Keywords:||Plasma Cells; Osteoclasts; Humans; Multiple Myeloma; Osteolysis; Carrier Proteins; Membrane Glycoproteins; Flow Cytometry; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Gene Expression; RANK Ligand; Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B|
|Description:||Copyright © 2003 American Association for Cancer Research|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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