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|Title:||An investigation of the I Ching using the Q-Sort method and an RNG-PK Design: I. Four possible psi predictors|
|Citation:||Australian Journal of Parapsychology, 2014; 14(1):29-67|
|Publisher:||Australian Institute of Parapsychological Research|
|Lance Storm & Adam J. Rock|
|Abstract:||An attempt was made to emulate a paranormal event (i.e., synchronicity) in the laboratory by instructing participants to construct a representation of their inner mental (cognitive/emotional) states using a Q-Sort Grid in which 64 I Ching descriptor-pairs were thoughtfully placed (i.e., ranked from -7 to +7), followed by the creation of an outer event using a Random Number Generator (RNG) to generate an I Ching hexagram with an associated reading that is rated for meaningfulness. There were four hypothesized psi-predictors: (i) 'pro attitude' measured on the Pro Attitude Scale (Thalbourne and Storm, in press); (ii) paranormal belief measured on the Australian Sheep-Goat Scale (Thalbourne, 1995), where 'sheep' are believers in psychic ability, and 'goats' are skeptics; (iii) trait reactance (i.e., resistance to compliance; hypothesized to be detrimental to psi) measured on the Hong Psychological Reactance Scale (Hong and Faedda, 1996); and (iv) Meaningfulness (of I Ching hexagram readings). The Q-Sort task did not yield any significant effects, although as expected Q-Sort scores were positive for sheep. There were a number of sheep-goat psi effects, including a significantly high mean RNG-PK score for sheep. Of the four psi predictors, Meaningfulness correlated marginally significantly with Direct-Hitting (scores of +7), and significantly with Binary-Hitting (scores of +6 and +7). Scores on the Rasch-scaled version of the ASGS (Lange and Thalbourne, 2002) correlated significantly with Pro Attitude and Meaningfulness. There was a 24% success rate at the .05 level, and a significant 72% of our tests were in the directions hypothesized. It is argued that the Q-Sort Grid may need simplification, and participants should give feedback on RNG-PK task complexity. and closure of residual atrial septal defects (5/249, 2.0%). Implantation of a permanent pacemaker was required in 3.2% (8/249) of patients. Despite a substantial reoperation rate, only 43% of patients older than 18 years of age were seen by a cardiologist within the most recent 2 years of the study period, compared with 80% of those younger than 18 years (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Repair of pAVSD is performed with a low mortality and excellent long-term survival. However, a substantial reoperation rate warrants close follow-up into adulthood|
|Keywords:||extra-sensory perception; ESP; I Ching; meaningfulness; psychokinesis; PK, Random Number Generator; reactance; RNG; sheepgoat effect|
|Rights:||© 2014 AIPR, Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology publications|
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