Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/94166
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Type: Journal article
Title: Undiagnosed hypertension in a rural district in Bangladesh: The Bangladesh Population-based Diabetes and Eye Study (BPDES)
Author: Islam, F.
Bhuiyan, A.
Chakrabarti, R.
Rahman, M.
Kanagasingam, Y.
Hiller, J.
Citation: Journal of Human Hypertension, 2016; 30(4):252-259
Publisher: Macmillan Publishers
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0950-9240
1476-5527
Statement of
Responsibility: 
F M A Islam, A Bhuiyan, R Chakrabarti, M A Rahman, Y Kanagasingam, and J E Hiller
Abstract: Hypertension is mainly asymptomatic and remains undiagnosed until the disease progresses. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for hypertension in rural Bangladesh. Using a population-based cluster random sampling strategy, 3096 adults aged ⩾30 years were recruited from a rural district in Bangladesh. Data collected included two blood pressure (BP) measurements, fasting blood glucose, socio-demographic and anthropometric measurements. Hypertension was defined as systolic BP (SBP) ⩾140 mm Hg or diastolic BP (DBP) ⩾90 mm Hg or self-reported diagnosed hypertension. Logistic regression techniques were used for data analyses. The crude prevalence of hypertension was 40% (95% confidence interval (CI) 38-42%) of which 82% were previously undiagnosed. People from lower socio-economic status (SES) had a significantly higher percentage of undiagnosed hypertension compared with people with higher SES (P<0.001). There was no significant gender difference in severity of hypertension. Males with higher education level compared with no education had a higher prevalence of hypertension (odds ratio 2.34, 95% CI 1.49-3.69). Older age and waist circumference in both genders, and diabetes, lack of physical activity in females were found to be associated with higher prevalence of hypertension. Our research suggests the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension was higher in the rural area in Bangladesh than that reported from the rural area in neighbouring India and China. Lower SES was associated with a higher risk of undiagnosed hypertension. Public health programs at the grass-roots level must emphasise the provision of primary care and preventive services in managing this non-communicable disease.
Keywords: Humans; Hypertension; Diabetes Mellitus; Obesity; Severity of Illness Index; Prevalence; Multivariate Analysis; Logistic Models; Odds Ratio; Risk Factors; Age Factors; Blood Pressure; Socioeconomic Factors; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Middle Aged; Rural Health; Bangladesh; Female; Male; Waist Circumference; Sedentary Lifestyle
Rights: © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0030031283
DOI: 10.1038/jhh.2015.65
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications

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