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Type: Journal article
Title: Engineering interaction between bone marrow derived endothelial cells and electrospun surfaces for artificial vascular graft applications
Author: Ahmed, F.
Dutta, N.
Zannettino, A.
Vandyke, K.
Choudhury, N.
Citation: Biomacromolecules, 2014; 15(4):1276-1287
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1525-7797
Statement of
Furqan Ahmed, Naba K. Dutta, Andrew Zannettino, Kate Vandyke, and Namita Roy Choudhury
Abstract: The aim of this investigation was to understand and engineer the interactions between endothelial cells and the electrospun (ES) polyvinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene (PVDF-HFP) nanofiber surfaces and evaluate their potential for endothelialization. Elastomeric PVDF-HFP samples were electrospun to evaluate their potential use as small diameter artificial vascular graft scaffold (SDAVG) and compared with solvent cast (SC) PVDF-HFP films. We examined the consequences of fibrinogen adsorption onto the ES and SC samples for endothelialisation. Bone marrow derived endothelial cells (BMEC) of human origin were incubated with the test and control samples and their attachment, proliferation, and viability were examined. The nature of interaction of fibrinogen with SC and ES samples was investigated in detail using ELISA, XPS, and FTIR techniques. The pristine SC and ES PVDF-HFP samples displayed hydrophobic and ultrahydrophobic behavior and accordingly, exhibited minimal BMEC growth. Fibrinogen adsorbed SC samples did not significantly enhance endothelial cell binding or proliferation. In contrast, the fibrinogen adsorbed electrospun surfaces showed a clear ability to modulate endothelial cell behavior. This system also represents an ideal model system that enables us to understand the natural interaction between cells and their extracellular environment. The research reported shows potential of ES surfaces for artificial vascular graft applications.
Keywords: Bone Marrow Cells; Endothelial Cells; Humans; Polyvinyls; Fibrinogen; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared; Materials Testing; Cell Adhesion; Cell Proliferation; Cell Survival; Surface Properties; Tissue Scaffolds; Photoelectron Spectroscopy; Nanofibers; Vascular Grafting
Rights: © 2014 American Chemical Society
RMID: 0030010282
DOI: 10.1021/bm401825c
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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