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Type: Journal article
Title: Are Stage of Change constructs relevant for subjective oral health in a vulnerable population?
Author: Jamieson, L.
Parker, E.
Broughton, J.
Lawrence, H.
Armfield, J.
Citation: Community Dental Health, 2014; 32(2):111-116
Publisher: FDI World Dental Press
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0265-539X
Statement of
L.M. Jamieson, E.J. Parker, J. Broughton, H.P. Lawrence and J.M. Armfield
Abstract: Stage of Change constructs may be proxy markers of psychosocial health which, in turn, are related to oral health.To determine if Stage of Change constructs were associated with subjective oral health in a population at heightened risk of dental disease.Stage of Change constructs were developed from a validated 18-item scale and categorised into 'Pre-contemplative', 'Contemplative' and 'Active'. A convenience sample of 446 Australian non-Aboriginal women pregnant by an Aboriginal male (age range 14-43 years) provided data to evaluate the outcome variables (self-rated oral health and oral health impairment), the Stage of Change constructs and socio-demographic, behavioural and access-related factors. Factors significant at the p < 0.05 level in bivariate analysis were entered into prevalence regression models.Approximately 54% of participants had fair/poor self-rated oral health and 34% had oral health impairment. Around 12% were 'Pre-contemplative', 46% 'Contemplative' and 42% 'Active'. Being either 'pre-contemplative' or 'contemplative' was associated with poor self-rated oral health after adjusting for socio-demographic factors. 'Pre-contemplative' ceased being significant after adjusting for dentate status and dental behaviour. 'Pre-contemplative' remained significant when adjusting for dental cost, but not 'Contemplative'. The Stages of Change constructs ceased being associated with self-rated oral health after adjusting for all confounders. Only 'Contemplative' (reference: 'Active') was a risk indicator in the null model for oral health impairment which persisted after adding dentate status, dental behaviour and dental cost variables, but not socio-demographics. When adjusting for all confounders, 'Contemplative' was not a risk indicator for oral health impairment.Both the 'Pre-contemplative' and 'Contemplative' Stage of Change constructs were associated with poor self-rated oral health and oral health impairment after adjusting for some, but not all, covariates. When considered as a proxy marker of psychosocial health, Stage of Change constructs may have some relevance for subjective oral health.
Keywords: stage of change
Oral Health
Rights: © BASCD 2014
DOI: 10.1922/CDH_3439Jamieson
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Dentistry publications

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