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Type: Journal article
Title: A qualitative investigation of RANKL, RANK and OPG in a rat model of transient ankylosis
Author: Curl, L.
Tan, C.
Dreyer, C.
Sampson, W.
Citation: Australian Orthodontic Journal, 2014; 30(2):143-151
Publisher: Australian Society of Orthodontists
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0587-3908
Statement of
Linda Curl, Chien Wei Tan, Craig W. Dreyer and Wayne Sampson
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have found ankylosis occurs as a part of the inflammatory process of aseptic root resorption initiated in a rat model. The physiologic mechanisms behind the development of dentoalveolar ankylosis and healing response are still unclear. While receptor activator of nuclear factor-κβ ligand (RANKL), receptor activator of nuclear factor-κβ (RANK) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) have gained momentum in the understanding of resorption, no study to date has investigated their role in dentoalveolar ankylosis. AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate if, and when, ankylosis occurred in the rat PDL, whether the resolution of ankylosis occurred with time and, finally, to observe the expression of RANKL, RANK and OPG during the ankylotic process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dry ice was applied for 20 minutes to the upper right first molar crown of 15 eight-week-old, male Sprague-Dawley rats. An additional three rats served as untreated external controls. Groups of three rats were sacrificed after the thermal insult on day 0, 4, 7, 14 and 28 respectively. Each maxilla was dissected out and processed for histological examination and RANKL, OPG and RANK immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: By the use of light microscopy and H&E staining, no ankylosis was detected in the external control group and the experimental groups at days 0 and 4. On day 7, disruption within the periodontal ligament was observed in the interradicular region and the initial signs of ankylosis were seen in the form of finger-like projections extending from the alveolar bone towards the cementum. Fourteen days after the thermal insult, all animals exhibited extensive ankylosis that spanned the entire interradicular periodontal space. At 28 days, the development of ankylosis appeared to have ceased and repair was observed, together with an intact periodontal ligament in all but one rat. Positive staining results were obtained with RANKL, RANK and OPG antibodies. The expressions of RANKL, RANK and OPG were similar in the external control group, 0-, 4-, and 28-day experimental groups. In the 7- and 14-day experimental groups, RANKL, RANK and OPG were expressed in the blood vessels within the ankylotic regions. CONCLUSIONS: During the development of ankylosis and its resolution, it was concluded from their simultaneous presence that there is a complex interaction between RANKL, RANK and OPG that requires further investigation.
Keywords: Alveolar Process
Dental Cementum
Periodontal Ligament
Tooth Crown
Tooth Root
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Tooth Ankylosis
Disease Models, Animal
Random Allocation
Wound Healing
Time Factors
RANK Ligand
Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
Cold Temperature
Rights: © Australian Society of Orthodontists Inc. 2014
DOI: 10.2478/aoj-2014-0011
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