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Type: Journal article
Title: Src homology 2 domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatases, SHP-1 and SHP-2, are required for platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1/CD31-mediated inhibitory signaling
Author: Henshall, T.
Jones, K.
Wilkinson, R.
Jackson, D.
Citation: Journal of Immunology, 2001; 166(5):3098-3106
Publisher: Amer Assoc Immunologists
Issue Date: 2001
ISSN: 0022-1767
Abstract: Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1/CD31) is a newly assigned member of the Ig immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif superfamily, and its functional role is suggested to be an inhibitory receptor that modulates immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif-dependent signaling cascades. To test whether PECAM-1 is capable of delivering inhibitory signals in B cells and the functional requirement of protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) for this inhibitory signaling, we generated chimeric Fc gamma RIIB1-PECAM-1 receptors containing the extracellular and transmembrane portions of murine Fc gamma RIIB1 and the cytoplasmic domain of human PECAM-1. These chimeric receptors were stably expressed in chicken DT40 B cells either as wild-type or mutant cells deficient in SHP-1(-/-), SHP-2(-/-), SHIP(-/-), or SHP-1/2(-/-) and then assessed for their ability to inhibit B cell Ag receptor (BCR) signaling. Coligation of wild-type Fc gamma RIIB1-PECAM-1 with BCR resulted in inhibition of intracellular calcium release, suggesting that the cytoplasmic domain of PECAM-1 is capable of delivering an inhibitory signal that blocks BCR-mediated activation. This PECAM-1-mediated inhibitory signaling correlated with tyrosine phosphorylation of the Fc gamma RIIB1-PECAM-1 chimera, recruitment of SHP-1 and SHP-2 PTPs by the phosphorylated chimera, and attenuation of calcium mobilization responses. Mutational analysis of the two tyrosine residues, 663 and 686, constituting the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs in PECAM-1 revealed that both tyrosine residues play a crucial role in the inhibitory signal. Functional analysis of various PTP-deficient DT40 B cell lines stably expressing wild-type chimeric Fc gamma RIIB1-PECAM-1 receptor indicated that cytoplasmic Src homology 2-domain-containing phosphatases, SHP-1 and SHP-2, were both necessary and sufficient to deliver inhibitory negative regulation upon coligation of BCR complex with inhibitory receptor.
Keywords: Animals; Humans; Mice; B-Lymphocytes; Cell Line; Cytoplasm; Tyrosine; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; Antigens, CD31; Recombinant Fusion Proteins; Signal Transduction; Lymphocyte Activation; Consensus Sequence; Protein Structure, Tertiary; src Homology Domains; Down-Regulation; Amino Acid Motifs; Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases; Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6; Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11; SH2 Domain-Containing Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases; Receptors, IgG; Chickens
RMID: 0020011084
DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.166.5.3098
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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