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Type: Journal article
Title: Pathogenicity of Salmonella strains isolated from egg shells and the layer farm environment in Australia
Author: McWhorter, A.
Davos, D.
Chousalkar, K.
Citation: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2015; 81(1):405-414
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 0099-2240
Statement of
Andrea R. McWhorter, Dianne Davos and K. K. Chousalkar
Abstract: In Australia, the egg industry is periodically implicated during outbreaks of Salmonella food poisoning. Salmonella Typhimurium and other non-typhoidal Salmonella spp., in particular, are a major concern for Australian public health. Several definitive types of Salmonella Typhimurium but primarly Salmonella Typhimurium definitive type (DT) 9 has been frequently reported during egg related food poisoning outbreaks in Australia. The aim of the present study was to generate a pathogenicity profile of non-typhoidal Salmonella isolates isolated from Australian egg farms. To achieve this, we assessed the capacity of Salmonella isolates to cause gastrointestinal disease using both in-vitro and in-vivo model systems. Data from in-vitro experiments demonstrated that the invasion capacity of Salmonella serovars cultured to stationary phase (liquid phase) in LB was between 90 and 300 fold higher than bacterial suspensions in normal saline (cultured in solid phase). During the in vivo infection trial, clinical signs of infection and mortality were observed only for mice infected with either 10(3) or 10(5) CFU of S. Typhimurium DT 9. No mortality was observed for mice infected with Salmonella serovars with medium or low invasive capacity in Caco2 cells. Pathogenicity gene profiles were also generated for all serovars included in this study. The majority of serovars tested were positive for selected virulence genes. No relationship between the presence or absence of virulence genes by PCR and either in vitro invasive capacity or in vivo pathogenicity was detected. Our data expands the knowledge of strain-to-strain variation in pathogenicity of Australian egg industry related Salmonella spp.
Keywords: Egg Shell
Salmonella Infections, Animal
DNA, Bacterial
Virulence Factors
Environmental Microbiology
Rights: © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
DOI: 10.1128/aem.02931-14
Appears in Collections:Animal and Veterinary Sciences publications
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