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dc.contributor.authorBergant, A.-
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, A.-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Hydraulic Engineering, 1999; 125(8):835-848-
dc.description.abstractA generalized set of pipeline column separation equations is presented describing all conventional types of low-pressure regions. These include water hammer zones, distributed vaporous cavitation, vapor cavities, and shocks (that eliminate distributed vaporous cavitation zones). Numerical methods for solving these equations are then considered, leading to a review of three numerical models of column separation. These include the discrete vapor cavity model, the discrete gas cavity model, and the generalized interface vaporous cavitation model. The generalized interface vaporous cavitation model enables direct tracking of actual column separation phenomena (e.g., discrete cavities, vaporous cavitation zones), and consequently, better insight into the transient event. Numerical results from the three column separation models are compared with results of measurements for a number of flow regimes initiated by a rapid closure of a downstream valve in a sloping pipeline laboratory apparatus. Finally, conclusions are drawn about the accuracy of the modeling approaches. A new classification of column separation (active or passive) is proposed based on whether the maximum pressure in a pipeline following column separation results in a short-duration pressure pulse that exceeds the magnitude of the Joukowsky pressure rise for rapid valve closure.-
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityAnton Bergant and Angus R. Simpson-
dc.publisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers-
dc.rights© ASCE-
dc.titlePipeline column separation flow regimes-
dc.typeJournal article-
dc.identifier.orcidSimpson, A. [0000-0003-1633-0111]-
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 7
Civil and Environmental Engineering publications
Environment Institute publications

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