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Type: Journal article
Title: Trends in mortality rates for infectious and parasitic diseases in Australia: 1907-1997
Author: Bi, P.
Whitby, M.
Walker, S.
Parton, K.
Citation: Internal Medicine Journal, 2003; 33(4):152-162
Publisher: Blackwell Science Asia
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 1444-0903
Statement of
P. Bi, M. Whitby, S. Walker and K. A. Parton
Abstract: AIMS: To characterize long-term mortality trends for infectious and parasitic diseases in Australia during the twentieth century, explore influencing factors and provide suggestions to health policy-makers. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted. Deaths due to communicable diseases from 1907 to 1997 were tallied, according to the International Classifi­cation of Diseases version 9 (ICD-9). Trends in infectious disease mortality in overall population and in the 0−4 years age group were examined and standardized by sex. Death rates were also studied for: (i) diarrhoea/enteritis, (ii) pneumonia and all respir­atory diseases and (iii) tuberculosis. RESULTS: There has been a substantial decline in ­mortality from communicable diseases over the study period. The death rate dropped from 258.9 per 100 000 population in 1907 to 7.2 per 100 000 pop­ulation in 1997. Six phases of the decline were observed. CONCLUSIONS: A combination of improved living conditions and access to readily available treatments over the twentieth century played an important role in the reduction of infectious disease mortality in Australia.
Keywords: Australia; infectious and parasitic diseases; mortality
RMID: 0020030719
DOI: 10.1046/j.1445-5994.2003.00354.x
Appears in Collections:Public Health publications
Environment Institute publications

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