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Type: Journal article
Title: Stable isotope-labelling analysis of the impact of inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin on protein synthesis
Author: Huo, Y.
Iadevaia, V.
Yao, Z.
Kelly, I.
Cosulich, S.
Guichard, S.
Foster, L.
Proud, C.
Citation: Biochemical Journal, 2012; 444(1):141-151
Publisher: Portland Press
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0264-6021
Statement of
Yilin Huo, Valentina Iadevaia, Zhong Yao, Isabelle Kelly, Sabina Cosulich, Sylvie Guichard, Leonard J. Foster, and Christopher G. Proud
Abstract: mTORC1 [mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) complex 1] regulates diverse cell functions. mTORC1 controls the phosphorylation of several proteins involved in mRNA translation and the translation of specific mRNAs, including those containing a 5′-TOP (5′-terminal oligopyrimidine). To date, most of the proteins encoded by known 5′-TOP mRNAs are proteins involved in mRNA translation, such as ribosomal proteins and elongation factors. Rapamycin inhibits some mTORC1 functions, whereas mTOR-KIs (mTOR kinase inhibitors) interfere with all of them. mTOR-KIs inhibit overall protein synthesis more strongly than rapamycin. To study the effects of rapamycin or mTOR-KIs on synthesis of specific proteins, we applied pSILAC [pulsed SILAC (stable isotope-labelling with amino acids in cell culture)]. Our results reveal, first, that mTOR-KIs and rapamycin differentially affect the synthesis of many proteins. Secondly, mTOR-KIs inhibit the synthesis of proteins encoded by 5′-TOP mRNAs much more strongly than rapamycin does, revealing that these mRNAs are controlled by rapamycin-insensitive outputs from mTOR. Thirdly, the synthesis of certain other proteins shows a similar pattern of inhibition. Some of them appear to be encoded by ‘novel’ 5′-TOP mRNAs; they include proteins which, like known 5′-TOP mRNA-encoded proteins, are involved in protein synthesis, whereas others are enzymes involved in intermediary or anabolic metabolism. These results indicate that mTOR signalling may promote diverse biosynthetic processes through the translational up-regulation of specific mRNAs. Lastly, a SILAC-based approach revealed that, although rapamycin and mTOR-KIs have little effect on general protein stability, they stabilize proteins encoded by 5′-TOP mRNAs.
Keywords: AZD8055; eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF); mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR); mRNA translation; protein degradation; stable isotope-labelling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC)
Rights: © The authors
RMID: 0020128284
DOI: 10.1042/BJ20112107
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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